From: Charles Brown
Date: June 30, 2021 a
THIS IS ANTHROPOLOGICAL PSYCHOLOGY
Survival Of The Nicest? A Theory Of Our Origins Says Cooperation-Not Competition-Is Instinctive
CB: Darwin’s principle is actually survival of the _fertile_ in the first place ; the fit are more fertile . Fertility success is the Darwinian definition of fitness success
Being nice , cooperative is a better way to be fertile .
" The decisive battle between early culture and human nature must have been waged on the field of primate sexuality…. Among subhuman primates sex had organized society; the customs of hunters and gatherers testify eloquently that now society was to organize sex…. In selective adaptation to the perils of the Stone Age, human society overcame or subordinated such primate propensities as selfishness, indiscriminate sexuality, dominance and brute competition. It substituted kinship and co-operation for conflict, placed solidarity over sex, morality over might. In its earliest days it accomplished the greatest reform in history, the overthrow of human primate nature, and thereby secured the evolutionary future of the species."
— Sahlins, M. D. 1960 The origin of society. Scientific American 203(3): 76–87.
Blackwell chose to highlight balance and cooperation rather than
struggle and savage rivalry. She criticized Darwin for basing his
theory of evolution on "time-honored assumption that the male is the
normal type of his species". She wrote that Spencer scientifically
subtracts from the female and Darwin as scientifically adds to the
FIT , physically fit , in the sense of bodily fit for success in the struggle for existence ( the Darwinian term of art for longevity in an individual organism ) surviving , getting enough to eat , not getting eaten , not falling out of a tree or off a cliff , not freezing to death , not overheating to death BEFORE REPRODUCING , BEFORE BEING FERTILE, passing on one’s genes to next generations .
In Darwin's theory of natural selection concerning living beings, the
"struggle" in the struggle for existence, to live, is not between
Individual Selves of the same species to the point of Individual Bodies, somebodies,of the same species killing each other except very rarely. Most of the deaths before passing on genes to the next generation, are due to
failures in struggles with some Individual Body of _another_ species.,
plant and animal, as predator and prey; or struggle against bad
weather, heat exhaustion, sunburn
It is easy to see how some people get a misconception of Darwinian
natural selection because it _is_ posed in most of it prime
formulations with a sort of emphasis on the fact of indirect
"competition" in the sense that for the typical bodily form of a
species to change under Darwin's theory, some members with genes that
change species typical traits must more successfully pass them on than
members with species typical traits over successive generations until
the new trait is universal and the old typical trait is extinct. But
this does not necessarily or even conventionally imply direct physical
conflict between Individuals of the two types but the same species in the day-to-day struggle for existence to survive as Individual Bodies.
This is demonstrated by the famous anthropological micro-evolutionary
study of sickle cell genes on pages 44 to 46 of _The Essence of
Anthropology_. There is no direct physical competition between the people of
the various genotypes with different fitnesses in the different
environments in the study.
It is not an Individual , but a species, a group of the same type who
"evolve", "adapt" or "survive". Individuals must live their individual
life long enough to reproduce for the species to survive. However,
every individual eventually dies. "Survival" of the individual means
living long enough to pass on genes or a geno-type to the future
generations. If mutated genes, changed geno-type, are passed on, there
is a potential unit of evolution between the parent and the offspring.
That is evolution occurs between Individuals of different generations, not in one Individual Self. If the
mutated genotype results in a phenol-typical trait that is adaptive
in some significant way, it may become an evolutionary change by the
species through several individuals.
day, April 30, 2018
Male supremacy, greed and war are not in our genes
The male supremacist family, private property (classes; greed), and the state ( special repressive apparatus ) arises as a complex together circa 6,000 years ago in Mesopotamia. They are still together in a complex that dominates the human species in 2018. Before that for the about 2.5 million years of the Stone Age ( true Civilization) there was gender equivalence, sharing and peace in the species; that's when we were substantially "hardwired " genetically . So, Male supremacy and class divided society and war are not in our genes.
The difference between humans and all other species is that through symbolic communication , words and culture, dead generations have a certain immortality and are part of the society of living generations . Living generations share the experiences of dead generations . Thereby knowledge accumulates. All humans stand on the shoulders of giants , as the scientist Issac Newton put it .
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